The 2021 report of the MJA–Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: Australia increasingly out on a limb (summary)


Within the space of just over a year Australia has experienced its worst bushfires in living memory, extensive and unprecedented flooding in the east, and an unprecedented tropical cyclone in the south-west of the country. The impact of each of these on physical and mental health has been substantial and the full burden of disease is yet to be revealed. Despite Australia’s advanced health systems and services, and significant steps forward in its management of such natural disasters, it remains increasingly vulnerable to these climate extremes.

This consensus statement examines indicators across five broad domains: climate change impacts, exposures and vulnerability; adaptation, planning and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co‐benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement.


Learning Outcomes

  • Explain key components of the report summary.
  • List main recommendations.


Authors: Ying Zhang and Paul J Beggs

Article Type: Perspective


Medical Journal of Australia
Reading: journal; textbook; book; literature review
1h : 0m
MBA: 1h : 0m
Environment and Public Health
Medical Practitioner, Medical Student, Doctor-in-Training, Health Administrator, Non-Vocationally Registered, Nurse / Midwife, Psychologist, Researcher, Retired, Specialist - Other, Specialist General Practitioner
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