2020 Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease


Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) cause significant morbidity and premature mortality among Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. RHD Australia has produced a fully updated clinical guideline in response to new knowledge gained since the 2012 edition.

The guideline aligns with major international ARF and RHD practice guidelines from the American Heart Association and World Heart Federation to ensure best practice. The GRADE system was used to assess the quality and strength of evidence where appropriate.


Learning Outcomes

  • Explain key components of the guideline.
  • List main recommendations.
  • Recognise changes in management as a result of the guideline.


Authors: Anna P Ralph, Sara Noonan, Vicki Wade, Bart J Currie

Article Type: Guideline summary

Medical Journal of Australia
Reading: journal; textbook; book; literature review
1h : 0m
MBA: 1h : 0m
Indigenous Health
Medical Practitioner, Medical Student, Doctor-in-Training, Non-Vocationally Registered, Nurse / Midwife, Researcher, Retired, Specialist - Other, Specialist General Practitioner
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