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Medical Journal of Australia (MJA)
The Medical Journal of Australia (MJA) is Australia’s leading peer-reviewed general medical journal. It has been delivering ground-breaking research to the medical community since 1914.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is commonly encountered in primary care and is associated with significant morbidity that extends beyond the skin manifestations.
Prostate cancer continues to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer death among Australian men.
Sexual dysfunction is a frequent, potentially distressing, adverse effect of antidepressants and a leading cause of medication non-adherence.
Migraine affects over a billion people worldwide in any year and is the second most common cause of years lost due to disability.
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is an uncommon but life‐threatening infection caused by Neisseria meningitidis.
In remote communities across the Northern Territory of Australia, only one in ten Aboriginal children younger than 3 years has healthy ears.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer deaths both globally and in Australia.
Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) cause significant morbidity and premature mortality among Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
Paracetamol is a common agent taken in deliberate self‐poisoning and in accidental overdose in adults and children. Paracetamol poisoning is the commonest cause of severe acute liver injury.
Adjuvant endocrine therapy improves oncological outcomes in women with oestrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer, but can accelerate bone loss, which predisposes to increased fracture risk.
Gender‐affirming hormone therapy is effective and, in the short term, relatively safe with appropriate monitoring.
In Australia, mental health conditions arising as a result of work factors are a leading cause of long-term work incapacity and absenteeism.
Mycobacterium ulcerans causes an infectious disease known internationally as Buruli ulcer.
Dermoscopy is a clinical technique that allows for a detailed examination of skin lesions and is more clinically accurate in skin oncology than other diagnostic tools. Extensively used as an educational text, previous editions of this atlas have led to s
A practical guide to improving quality and safety in hospitals. High-quality and safe health care can be difficult to achieve, requiring cultural change, which in turn can only occur through the dedicated, consistent efforts of clinical safety champions.
Professor Bruce Campbell outlines the current state of evidence and practice in Australia and talks about the advances made in stroke medicine in the past decade and breakthroughs that may be on the horizon.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Approximately 300,000 Australians have glaucoma.
Original research articles, authoritative reviews and societal guidelines published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in the PubMed database from 1970 to February 2016.
Review includes individual journals not accessible via PubMed, and a PubMed search for original and review articles published between 1940 and October 2017.
Narrative review is based on a PubMed review of original and review articles from 1999 to 2017, as well as specialist society publications and relevant guidelines.
The current state of evidence to guide screening and management of developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Review describing the new International League Against Epilepsy classiﬁcation of seizure types and epilepsies, updated to reﬂect the major advances in the understanding of the biology of seizure disorders.
An evidence-based overview of the use of Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in clinical practice.
A summary of the evidence with respect to the treatment of menopause in cancer survivors.
An overview of the most recent scientiﬁc and organisational literature to inform readers about the current state of knowledge on climate change and its relationship to human health.
Review of the epidemiology of HPeV in Australia since 2013 and provides guidance to clinicians on the management of suspected infection.
A clinically focused, evidence-based approach to the medical and surgical management of two of the most common causes of menstrual disturbance.
Epidemiology, pathophysiology and clinical management of CIC (chronic idiopathic constipation) in adults.
An overview of current guidelines regarding NRT use in pregnancy, considering the existing evidence base on safety, efﬁcacy and effectiveness.
Developments in the understanding of the pathology, diagnosis and management of sarcoidosis.
Focus on safe and appropriate diagnosis and management of sport-related concussion in Australia.
Contemporary understanding of adult RA focusing on current therapy, especially biological therapy.
Recent progress in the understanding of the inflammatory pathways involved in AD impacting on treatment of the severe presentations of this condition.
An evidence-based overview of national and international data on the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Review of current international guidelines and the recent literature, and recommended approach for Australian practitioners.
Assessment of evidence for the approach to clinical questions regarding management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
Focus on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs).
A practical approach to assess and treat patients with low back pain with a diagnostic triage that classifies patients into three broad categories.
Highlights of the growing demand for the diagnosis and treatment according to the protocols of the “chronic Lyme disease” school of thought.
New evidence-based standards of care established to improve patient survival, reduce the burden of disease for patients and their carers, and enhance quality of life.
An overview of the epidemiology, diagnosis, pathogenesis and management of this disorder, based on a synthesis of relevant evidence from PubMed-listed articles.
A summary of important conditions, in order of urgency of treatment, for non-ophthalmologists who are involved in the management of patients with rheumatic diseases.
An explanation that even minor minimal trauma fractures are associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
Recent advances in the management of familial hypercholesterolaemia, and the implications for both primary and secondary care.
Supportive care that can aid in the management of a range of problems that are experienced after a diagnosis of breast cancer.
An overview of the key advances made in the diagnosis and management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Examination of the range of problems that may be encountered with preparations containing herbal materials.
A digest of the Australian clinical guidelines for the management of acute coronary syndrome 2016 by the National Heart Foundation of Australia and Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand.
Presentation of the MJA article, Relieving the Pressure: new Australian hypertension guideline, MJA 205 (2) 18 July 2016.
A digest of the National Heart Foundation of Australia's Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in adults (2016).
Reflection of the relative importance of the nine surgical competencies and their 27 attributes defined by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS).
Review of whether Australian Aboriginal people in NSW are more likely to be diagnosed with more advanced cancer than non-Aboriginal people.
Preventive measures for type 2 diabetes, and what needs to change nationwide to support these in the example of the state of Victoria.
Risks, benefits and costs of the available type 2 diabetes therapies, and a treatment algorithm incorporating the older and newer agents based on the position statement from the Australian Diabetes Society.
Demographics, lengths of admission, final diagnosis, long-term outcome and costs associated with the population who presented to an Australian ED with symptoms of possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Review of whether the effect of pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity on maternal complications and perinatal outcomes is modified by Indigenous status.
New guideline updates for the management of acute pancreatitis by the American College of Gastroenterology.
Impact of a comprehensive primary health care service model on key health performance indicators in a remote region of Australia.
Current management in Australian general practice of common respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children younger than 5 years.
Investigation of the frequency and age at diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children aged under 7 years living in Australia
Treatment outcomes with creatine hydrochloride in two premanifest Huntington disease patients.
The triad of hyperglycaemia, ketonaemia and metabolic acidosis as the hallmark of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
A debate about prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A discussion on why an acute HIV infection can present as febrile illness associated with any rash, including erythema multiforme.
The law surrounding disclosure of genetic information to at-risk genetic relatives varies across Australia.